"It's not a spectator sport!"


Charlemagne (742-814) EDUCATION

Also called Charles I or "Charles the Great." 742?-814. King of the Franks (768-814) and founder of the first empire in western Europe after the fall of Rome. His court at Aix-la-Chapelle became the center of a cultural rebirth in Europe, known as the Carolingian Renaissance.

John Scotus ERIGENA (810-890?) Irish TRUTH REASON

Erigena, John Scotus. 810?-877?. Irish-born theologian and philosopher who sought to reconcile Neo-Platonism and Christian belief in his principal work, On the Division of Nature (862-866).

Alfred the Great (849-899) England EDUCATION REASON TRUTH

Known as "the Great." 849-899. King of the West Saxons (871-899), scholar, and lawmaker who repelled the Danes and helped consolidate England into a unified kingdom.

Hugh Capet (932-996)

Ca·pet. A dynasty of French kings (987-1328), including Hugh Capet (940?-996), who was elected king in 987, thereby permanently removing the Carolingians from power, and ruled until his death. The expansion of territory and centralization of power under the Capets began the movement toward a unified France.

Peter Damian (Saint), (1007-1072) ANTI-LOGIC, ANTI-REASON

                Peter Damiani (1007-1072)- attacked the exaltation of grammar and logic as the temptation of the Devil. The Devil in fact, Damiani says, was the first grammarian, tempting Adam in the Garden of Eden with the promise "Ye shall be as gods," and thus teaching him to decline the word "God" in the plural.

                Logic is quite useless, according to this theologian, in helping us to know God because God in His nature is so incomprehensible and omnipotent that He transcends the basic law of logic, the principle of contradiction.  God can even abolish the past, make what happened not to have happened. 

                Logic is a man-made tool, and God cannot be measured according to its requirements. We are not far here from the later protest of Pascal: "Not the God of the philosophers, but the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob." [B78/Barrett/1958/p99]

                prolific works, Italian, [God transcends the law of contradiction.]

Anselm (1033-1109) Italy -France -England LOGIC TRUTH REASON

Saint. 1033-1109. Italian-born English prelate, philosopher, and theologian who founded Scholasticism and is best known for his ontological argument for the existence of God.

Peter Abelard (1079-1142) Brittany LOGIC TRUTH REASON RELIGION

Peter or Pierre. 1079-1142. French theologian and philosopher whose application of the principles of ancient Greek logic to the doctrines of the medieval Catholic Church led to charges of heresy. He secretly married his pupil Héloise after she bore him a child, thus angering her family, who arranged to have him attacked and castrated. He became a monk and continued in his work. Héloise became a nun.

First Crusade (1096-1099)