"It's not a spectator sport!"


Giodono Bruno (1548-1600) LOGIC, half n half

Giordano. 1548?-1600. Italian philosopher who used Copernican principles in formulating his cosmic theory of an infinite universe. Condemned by the Inquisition for heresy, immoral conduct, and blasphemy, he was burned at the stake. [99dic]

Francis Suarez (1548-1617) Spanish, Jesuit, REASON TRUTH, half n half.

International Law, Abandoned Aristotle order. Opposed Divine Right of Kings. 

Edward Coke (1552-1634) LAW

Coke, Sir Edward. 1552-1634. English jurist who as chief justice of the Court of Common Pleas (1606-1616) ruled that the common law is supreme law, even when the Crown disagrees. [99dic]

                C30/Bestor/p21: Jefferson confided to Madison - "You will recollect that before the revolution, Coke (on) Littleton was the universal elementary book of law students, and a sounder whig never wrote, nor of profounder learning in the orthodox doctrines of the British constitution, or in what were called English liberties.  You remember also that our lawyers were then all whigs.  But when his black-letter text, and uncouth but cunning learning got out of fashion, and the honied Mansfieldism of Blackstone became the student's hornbook, from that moment, that profession (the nursery of our Congress) began to slide into toryism, and nearly all the young brood of lawyers now are of that hue.  They suppose themselves, indeed, to be whigs, because they no longer know what whigism or republicanism means." - Jeff even coupled Blackston with Hume, charging in 1814 that these two were "making tories" of the younger generation of Americans -

Richard Hooker (1553-1600) and Walter Travers [See Calvin (1509-1564)]

writer and theologian. His Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity (1594) was central to the formation of Anglican theology. [99dic]

Francis Bacon (1561-1626)

Francis. First Baron Verulam and Viscount Saint Albans. 1561-1626. English philosopher, essayist, courtier, jurist, and statesman. His writings include The Advancement of Learning (1605) and the Novum Organum (1620), in which he proposed a theory of scientific knowledge based on observation and experiment that came to be known as the inductive method. [99dic]

Galileo (1564-1642)

Galileo Galilei. 1564-1642. Italian astronomer and physicist. The first to use a telescope to study the stars (1610), he was an outspoken advocate of Copernicus's theory that the sun forms the center of the universe, which led to his persecution and imprisonment by the Inquisition (1633). --Galilean adj.

Shakespeare (1564-1616)

William. 1564-1616. English playwright and poet whose body of works is considered the greatest in English literature. His plays, many of which were performed at the Globe Theatre in London, include historical works, such as Richard II, comedies, including Much Ado about Nothing and As You Like It, and tragedies, such as Hamlet, Othello, and King Lear. He also composed 154 sonnets. The earliest collected edition of his plays, the First Folio, contained 36 plays and was published posthumously (1623). --Shake·spear"e·an or Shake·spear"i·an adj. &  n.

Marlowe, Christopher (1564-1593) British, died age 29

Christopher. 1564-1593. English playwright and poet whose development of blank verse influenced Shakespeare. His plays include Tamburlaine the Great (c. 1587) and Edward II (c. 1592).

Robert Devereux, 2nd earl of Essex, (1567-1601)

Robert. Second Earl of Essex. 1566-1601. English nobleman and favorite of Elizabeth I. He was executed for treason after taking part in an uprising of the people of London. [99dic

Descartes (1569-1650) REASON LOGIC TRUTH RELIGION ok

René. 1596-1650. French mathematician and philosopher. Considered the father of analytic geometry, he formulated the Cartesian system of coordinates. His philosophy is based on the rationalistic premise "I think, therefore I am." [99dic]

Robert Sanderson, Bishop (1587-1663) Oxford LOGIC BOOK too narrow

His logic was influential at Oxford for many generations, Newton did not like Sandersons Logic

Thomas Hobbes (1588-1697) DETERMINISTIC

Thomas. 1588-1679. English political philosopher who wrote Leviathan (1651), which outlined his philosophy that human beings are fundamentally selfish. --Hobbesian adj. [99dic]

Sir Robert Filmer (1588?-1653?), 1680: DIVINE RIGHT OF KINGS

"Patriarcha or the Natural Power of Kings Asserted"

Abraham FRANCE, "Lawyers Logic" 1588

Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658) ANTI-DEMOCRACY

[Eng Civil War 1642-1649 Charles I executed].  Lord protector of England (1653-1658) virtual dictator -- son Richard (1626-1712) lord protector (1658-1659) then restoration of the monarchy under Charles II.

John Milton (1608-1674) LOGIC BOOK

John. 1608-1674. English poet and scholar who is best known for the epic poem Paradise Lost (1667), an account of humanity's fall from grace. [99dic]

Arnauld (1611-1694) LOGIC BOOK extra good 

John Wallis (1616-1703), LOGIC BOOK 1702

Wallis, John. 1616-1703. English mathematician who formulated the concept of arithmetic limits and laid the theoretical foundation for the binomial theorem and differential and integral calculus.

John WALLIS, "Logicae" 1702

Abraham Cowley (1618-1667) POETRY TRUTH RELIGION

Abraham. 1618-1667. English metaphysical poet whose works include Davideis (1656), an epic on the life of King David. [99dic]

Algernon Sidney (1622-1683) 61 years 

Blaise Pascal (1623-1662) PROPABILITY

Blaise. 1623-1662. French philosopher and mathematician. Among his achievements are the invention of an adding machine and the development of the modern theory of probability. 999dic]

John Bunyan (1628-1688), Pilgrims Progress,  TRUTH RELITION

John. 1628-1688. English preacher and writer celebrated for his Pilgrim's Progress (two parts, 1678 and 1684), the allegorical tale of Christian's journey from the City of Destruction to the Celestial City. [99dic]

John Dryden, (1631-1700) TRUTH, REASON, RELIGION

John. 1631-1700. English writer and poet laureate (after 1668). The outstanding literary figure of the Restoration, he wrote critical essays, poems, such as Absalom and Achitophel (1681), and dramas, including All for Love (1678). [99dic]

                R431vi/DRYDEN/Plutarch/xx: I have ever thought that the wise men in all ages have not much differed in their opinions of religion--I mean, as it is grounded on human reason; for reason, as far as it is right, must be the same in all men; and truth being but one, they must consequently think in the same train.  Thus it is not to be doubted but the religion of Socrates, Plato, and Plutarch was not different in the main, who doubtless believed the identity of one Supreme Intellectual Being, which we call God.  READ ON